Everyday Justice (2018 – 2021)
School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University
US National Science Foundation: Law and Social Sciences Program
In this project, based out of the School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University, I am working with Pamina Firchow to implement innovative, mixed-methods research to understand processes and outcomes of transformative justice efforts in Colombia and the DRC. Scholars largely agree on the importance of reparations for transitions from conflict, but remain divided on how best to conceive of their relationship to justice. This debate, however, lacks a solid empirical base and, with few programs in existence, has remained largely normative. Taking inspiration from the Everyday Peace Indicators project, we are working with communities to derive meaningful – and measurable – indicators of transformative justice through in-depth discussions. These indicators will then be tracked and compared over time and across communities, helping to close the gap in empirical research on reparative outcomes with critical, bottom-up data.
Reparations, Responsibility & Victimhood in Transitional Societies (2017-2020)
International Co-Investigator (Colombia)
School of Law, Queens University Belfast
UK Arts and Humanities Research Council
In this project, based out of the School of Law at Queens University Belfast, I am working with Luke Moffett and others to compare the legal design and implementation of national reparations programs in six countries: Northern Ireland, Uganda, Nepal, Guatemala, Peru, and Colombia. Through document review and semi-structured interviews, the team of interdisciplinary transitional justice scholars is investigating issues related eligibility and complex victimhood; acknowledgement and truth recovery; victim ownership, mobilisation and participation; accountability of state and non-state actors; and finance and development. The project will produce scholarly papers as well as policy guidelines and handbooks to guide decision-makers and practitioners in the design and implementation of reparations programs.
This project brought together an interdisciplinary team of researchers to conduct a multidimensional evaluation of Colombia’s national Victims’ Unit, established through the historic Law 1448 of 2011. Law 1448 set in place the world’s largest national reparations programs to date, with almost 20% of Colombia’s population registered as victims of the armed conflict. The evaluation assessed the work and impact of the Victims’ Unit on three levels: (1) cross-nationally, in comparison with other national, administrative reparations programs (focusing on Indonesia, Peru, and Guatemala), (2) institutionally, through an in-depth analysis of the Unit’s internal organizational structures and external relationships, and (3) on the ground, through nationally representative surveys of victims of the armed conflict and the national population. Findings from the evaluation are available in an executive summary and co-authored paper.